Stof, Of course there has to be spending on things like education, public works, fire, police, and military, and maybe a few more things, to ensure that we can go about our lives. But beyond that, IMO, I can't think of anything else. I am sure that there are plenty who are now going to tell me I am a heartless jackass. But yes, anything like welfare, social security, social services, medicare (ie. handouts and anything that contributes to government bureaucracy, and a welfare state), is a sunk cost.